Tag: statistics

Informal fallacy

An informal fallacy occurs when the contents of an argument’s stated premises fail to adequately support its proposed conclusion. Fallacies of this type are the “types of mistakes in reasoning that arise from the mishandling of the content of the propositions constituting the argument“. In contrast to a formal fallacy of deduction, the error is …

Zipf’s law

Zipf’s law, an empirical law formulated using mathematical statistics, refers to the fact that many types of data studied in the physical and social sciences can be approximated with a Zipfian distribution, one of a family of related discrete power law probability distributions. The law is named after the linguist George Kingsley Zipf who first …