Is Consciousness More than the Brain?

No truly coherent cosmology can fail to address human consciousness. As Wal Thornhill has written, “A real cosmology must be a broad and coherent natural philosophy. It may always be incomplete, based on our limitations, but to be valid there can be no exceptions in our experience. In particular, cosmology must address issues of life and the human condition. Therefore it must be a truly interdisciplinary pursuit.”

Today, perhaps the ultimate unsolved mystery of human life is: how and why does consciousness exist? Although some scientific literature still acknowledges that the question remains open, the overwhelming consensus among neuroscientists today is that the brain alone creates conscious experience. However, for decades, acclaimed scientists around the world have conducted research into consciousness that provides a very different picture. One of the most remarkable of these researchers is Dr. Gary Schwartz, professor of psychology, medicine, neurology, psychiatry and surgery at the University of Arizona and director of its Laboratory for Advances in Consciousness and Health. We asked Dr. Gary Schwartz for his thoughts on the mystery of consciousness.

See also:
Planetary Consciousness
Out of Body Experiences
Robert Lanza on theory of Biocentrism
Science Set Free

The Riddle of Consciousness

In my view biology is even more fundamental than physics!
Menas Kafatos

Eminent physicist and author Menas Kafatos discusses “The Riddle of Consciousness.” How do we know that what we see and experience is reality?* How do we explain consciousness in the current scientific paradigm? Kafatos is joined by Deepak Chopra to explore these fascinating questions.

Watch Part [2]: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bDoHku…
Watch Part [3]: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_zvJvb…

See also:
Out of Body Experiences
Dreams are Quantum Information
Quantum Entanglement between Words in our Mind
Quantum Zeno Effect – How to Teach Physics to Your Dog

Getting Down with the Second Law of Thermodynamics

Robert tells of his dissatisfaction with current paradigm concerning the traditional laws of physics and his hopes for a shift enabling what he sees as humanities right to evolve as intended.

Professor Robert Pope is a recipient of the 2009 Gold Medal Laureate for Philosophy of Science, Telesio Galilei Academy of Science, London.

See also:
Eternity
The Story of the Joe Cell
Consciousness is order and the source of energy

Electromagnetic theories of consciousness

Several theorists have proposed that consciousness can be understood as an electromagnetic phenomenon. Their theories differ in how they relate consciousness to electromagnetism. For example, electromagnetic field theories (or “EM field theories“) of consciousness propose that consciousness results when a brain produces an electromagnetic field with features that meet certain criteria; Susan Pockett and Johnjoe McFadden have proposed EM field theories; William Uttal has criticized McFadden’s and other field theories, but without denying that consciousness could be an electromagnetic phenomenon.

Some electromagnetic theories are also quantum mind theories of consciousness; examples include quantum brain dynamics (QBD) approaches of Mari Jibu and Kunio Yasue and of Giuseppe Vitiello. In general, however, quantum mind theories other than these QBD approaches do not treat consciousness as an electromagnetic phenomenon.

Also related are E. Roy John’s work and Andrew and Alexander Fingelkurt’s theory “Operational Architectonics framework of brain-mind functioning“.

Electric currents created in sunward ionosphere.

Cemi theory
The starting point for McFadden and Pockett’s theory is the fact that every time a neuron fires to generate an action potential, and a postsynaptic potential in the next neuron down the line, it also generates a disturbance in the surrounding electromagnetic field. McFadden has proposed that the brain’s electromagnetic field creates a representation of the information in the neurons. Studies undertaken towards the end of the 20th century are argued to have shown that conscious experience correlates not with the number of neurons firing, but with the synchrony of that firing. McFadden views the brain’s electromagnetic field as arising from the induced EM field of neurons. The synchronous firing of neurons is, in this theory, argued to amplify the influence of the brain’s EM field fluctuations to a much greater extent than would be possible with the unsynchronized firing of neurons.

McFadden thinks that the EM field could influence the brain in a number of ways. Redistribution of ions could modulate neuronal activity, given that voltage-gated ion channels are a key element in the progress of axon spikes. Neuronal firing is argued to be sensitive to the variation of as little as one millivolt across the cell membrane, or the involvement of a single extra ion channel. Transcranial magnetic stimulation is similarly argued to have demonstrated that weak EM fields can influence brain activity.

McFadden proposes that the digital information from neurons is integrated to form a conscious electromagnetic information (cemi) field in the brain. Consciousness is suggested to be the component of this field that is transmitted back to neurons, and communicates its state externally. Thoughts are viewed as electromagnetic representations of neuronal information, and the experience of free will in our choice of actions is argued to be our subjective experience of the cemi field acting on our neurons.

Quantum brain dynamics
The concepts underlying this theory derive from the physicists, Hiroomi Umezawa and Herbert Fröhlich in the 1960s. More recently, their ideas have been elaborated by Mari Jibu and Kunio Yasue. Water comprises 70% of the brain, and quantum brain dynamics (QBD) proposes that the electric dipoles of the water molecules constitute a quantum field, referred to as the cortical field, with corticons as the quanta of the field. This cortical field is postulated to interact with quantum coherent waves generated by the biomolecules in neurons, which are suggested to propagate along the neuronal network. The idea of quantum coherent waves in the neuronal network derives from Frohlich. He viewed these waves as a means by which order could be maintained in living systems, and argued that the neuronal network could support long-range correlation of dipoles. This theory suggests that the cortical field not only interacts with the neuronal network, but also to a good extent controls it.

The proponents of QBD differ somewhat as to the way in which consciousness arises in this system. Jibu and Yasue suggest that the interaction between the energy quanta (corticons) of the quantum field and the biomolecular waves of the neuronal network produces consciousness. However, another theorist, Giuseppe Vitiello, proposes that the quantum states produce two poles, a subjective representation of the external world and also the internal self.

Equipotential lines of electric convection field within the equatorial plane of the magnetosphere (left), and superposition of the convection field with the co-rotation field (right) during magnetically quiet conditions

Advantages
Locating consciousness in the brain’s EM field, rather than the neurons, has the advantage of neatly accounting for how information located in millions of neurons scattered through the brain can be unified into a single conscious experience (sometimes called the binding or combination problem): the information is unified in the EM field. In this way EM field consciousness can be considered to be “joined-up information”. This theory accounts for several otherwise puzzling facts, such as the finding that attention and awareness tend to be correlated with the synchronous firing of multiple neurons rather than the firing of individual neurons. When neurons fire together their EM fields generate stronger EM field disturbances; so synchronous neuron firing will tend to have a larger impact on the brain’s EM field (and thereby consciousness) than the firing of individual neurons. However their generation by synchronous firing is not the only important characteristic of conscious electromagnetic fields—in Pockett’s original theory, spatial pattern is the defining feature of a conscious (as opposed to a non-conscious) field.

Influence on brain function
In McFadden’s cemi field theory, as well as in Drs Fingelkurts’ Brain-Mind Operational Architectonics theory, the brain’s global EM field modifies the electric charges across neural membranes, and thereby influences the probability that particular neurons will fire, providing a feed-back loop that drives free will. However in the theories of Susan Pockett and E. Roy John, there is no necessary causal link between the conscious EM field and our consciously willed actions.

An artist’s rendering of the structure of a magnetosphere.
1) Bow shock. 2) Magnetosheath.
3) Magnetopause. 4) Magnetosphere.
5) Northern tail lobe. 6) Southern tail lobe.
7) Plasmasphere.

Implications for artificial intelligence
If true, the theory has major implications for efforts to design consciousness into Artificial intelligence machines; current microprocessor technology is designed to transmit information linearly along electrical channels, and more general electromagnetic effects are seen as a nuisance and damped out; if this theory is right, however, this is directly counterproductive to creating an artificially conscious computer, which on some versions of the theory would instead have electromagnetic fields that synchronized its outputs—or in the original version of the theory would have spatially patterned electromagnetic fields.

See also:
Global Synchronization for the Brain
Global Brain
Morphic Fields and the Critical Mass
Dream Telepathy
Are we physically separate from other people?
Where are our thoughts written?
Our Conscious Mind Could Be An Electromagnetic Field

Can Science and Religion be Integrated?

Can science and religion be integrated? What comes to mind immediately is that religions themselves cannot agree with one another whereas science is basically monolithic. How can there even be trade between the two, let alone integration?

Currently, the overall perception of science is that it is materialist. The belief is that science cannot be done without the dogma of material monism: all things of our experience have a material origin.

Cosmos

On the other hand, there is common ground for all religions in three respects:
1) all religions agree that there is God …
2) All religions also posit the existence of non-material “subtle” bodies connected with our internal experiences–feeling, meaning, and values–in addition to the material body.
3) All religions posit the importance of certain values as the goal of life; values such as, love, truth, beauty, justice, good.

The Dogma of Material Monism
Currently, the overall perception of science is that it is materialist. The belief is that science cannot be done without the dogma of material monism: all things of our experience have a material origin.

It is only logical that the practitioners of materialist science should have something to object and negate about the three religious contentions about reality enunciated above.

Materialists also posit that God, consciousness, mind, feelings, values, all things internal besides what we experience externally, matter, are explainable in material terms.

In quantum physics, objects are not determined things of Newtonian vintage. Instead, they are waves of possibility. When we observe, these waves “collapse” into actual events in our experience. Instead of spread-out waves what we observe is a localized particle. This is the famous observer effect.

The resolution of the paradox is to turn the materialist view of consciousness upside down. Let consciousness be the base of the world and let matter consist of waves of possibilities of consciousness. Consciousness chooses from the possibility waves of matter within it to collapse the actual events that we observe.

For the materialist model of individual consciousness associated with each brain, the solution is called solipsism. Only your consciousness is real; everybody else is a fragment of your imagination.

The good news is that not one, but three separate experiments are now showing that quantum consciousness, the author of downward causation is nonlocal, is unitive, is God.

Source: Can Science and Religion be Integrated? – Amit Goswami

See also:
Biocentrism – A Theory of Everything that makes sense
Quantum Zeno Effect and the Burning Bush

We are living in a highly negentropic Universe

The negentropy, also negative entropy or syntropy or extropy or entaxy, of a living system is the entropy that it exports to keep its own entropy low; it lies at the intersection of entropy and life. The concept and phrase “negative entropy” were introduced by Erwin Schrödinger in his 1944 popular-science book What is Life? Later, Léon Brillouin shortened the phrase to negentropy, to express it in a more “positive” way: a living system imports negentropy and stores it. In 1974, Albert Szent-Györgyi proposed replacing the term negentropy with syntropy. That term may have originated in the 1940s with the Italian mathematician Luigi Fantappiè, who tried to construct a unified theory of biology and physics. Buckminster Fuller tried to popularize this usage, but negentropy remains common.

Our Universe is highly negentropic
Not only living systems “imports negentropy“, but also technical live support systems (a group of devices that allow a human being to survive in space) perform this action. Space suites and space vehicles provides fresh air and the necessary pressure, they regulate the temperature by importing negative entropy. This involves work and a regulatory system.

Space Suite

We may think of space suites or space vehicles when we read the words “live support systems“. But our planet earth is also a highly complex live support systems. Together with the entire solar system our planet enables live by importing negentropy.

The standard classical Maxwell-Heaviside equations implicitly assume that every EM field, EM potential, and joule of EM energy in the universe is freely created by the associated source charge, right out of nothing at all, in total violation of the conservation of energy law. Either one must totally abandon the conservation of energy law, or else one must explain what is the input of energy to the source charge. (Tom Bearden)

Negentropy is Order
Negentropy does not apply only to cooling systems. It’s far more than regulating the temperature by expelling heat and maintaining a certain cool environment. Negentropy is order, something which applies to information and physics. All characters in this text are set in a specific order, making sense. If we would take the characters and mix them in a blender and then put them again on the screen, how high would then the information content be? Would the text making then sense too?

Order in a room where children lives does not originates from pure chance. Consciousness is the origin of order, it’s a implicit aspect of it.

So do you understand what negentropy implies?

If we talk about negentropy we talk indeed about order. Life requires order … and life is order. Energy is order too. And consciousness is the source of order and energy.

Energy can be neither created nor destroyed
If this is true, why is it possible to destroy order? The problem is that materialistic scientists promotes the belief in a closed system universe. Again if this would be true that we live in a closed system, then where does the energy come from? Are we isolated? Or maybe do the materialists project their inner feeling of isolation onto their scientific worldview? This would at least explain why they just denies many scientific facts and overwhelming evidences which points towards a biocentric worldview, where no real isolation exist and consciousness is the source of space and time and matter.

Energy is a aspect of consciousness, like order is a implicit aspect of it.

The scientist with a idealistic worldview would ask the following questions: If there would be no intelligent being at all in the entire universe, would there be space and time at all? Would space make any sense without matter? Would time make any sense without changing statuses?

Where consciousness exist, there is also order and energy!

DNA is the most compact information unit of the Universe
Where in our Universe can we find the most compact information concentrated on one place? It’s our planet, especially our own body. Just one DNA in a biological cell contains as much information as a CD-ROM can memorize, 600 to 800 Megabyte. The number of cells that make up human body seemed to range from about five trillion to fifty trillion. Our body is packed with high complex data in based on a quaternary numerical system (base-4 numeral system).

DNA

Fifty trillion cells of just one human body contains as much information as 50.000.000.000.000 CD-ROMs could contain. The weight of one CD-Rom is 10 gram. All information from the DNA of one human body stored in CD-ROMs would weigh 500.000.000 tons.

CD-ROM

This would mean that if want to search for intelligent life out there, we should search for the highest amount of order aka negentropy.

See also:
Consciousness is order and the source of energy

Where are our thoughts written?

My thoughts can be transmitted to you, dear reader, by coding them in symbols, in words, and typing them on my keyboard. They are then transmitted through many wires, electromagnetic waves and light signals until they reach your eyes, transmitted further through electrochemical signals into your brain. In your brain they will be encoded again and become part of your own thoughts. Now my thoughts are also your thoughts.

Transmitting thoughts to others can be possible through many medias. Writing words on paper is the classical method we used before the computer era.

But where are our thoughts written?
Till to this point of the article you has read approximately one hundred words. For all this words a computer needs 714 Bytes of memory to persist them. Watching a movie coded in a advanced mathematical compression method we then need memory space in our brain approximately of one gigabyte. How many movies have you watched in your live?

What I try to say is, that our brain has not enough memory space to persist all our experience made in our life. All things we have seen, thoughts, emotions, feelings, pleasure and pain, knowledge, awareness, … there is not enough space in our brain to memorize it!

If our universe is holographic in his nature, like a fractal, as above so below, then our thoughts are persisted in another kind than the materialistic oriented scientist tried to make us believe for so long time.

Our brain is a interface, not a computer
People that are in love generally shares the same thoughts and emotions. A thought creates a field. The field is not bound to a local place, but it expands through the entire universe. There is no limit where this field permeate. But people with same or similar objectives in their live creates a bigger invisible field and ideas jumps into their minds suddenly out of the collective. The brain functions here only as a “interface“, but this time not only for thoughts of the individual, but also for the thoughts of the collective.

What is this field?
The field created by a thought or emotions is very similar to a electromagnetic field. Indeed there exist many analogies between them. A electromagnetic field expands theoretical also through the entire universe. Quantum physics explains the entanglement between two atoms separated by space, after they once in life was in contact. Light is another phenomenon that obeys the laws of quantum physic. It collapses to a particle or it behaves like a wave, depending if it is observed by another consciousness. (Maybe this little photons are very shy!)

Is there a straight relation between consciousness and electricity?
I here consider the nature and magnitude of the brain´s endogenous em field and consider its influence in modulating neuronal activity. I show that the brain generates a dynamic and information-rich em field that influences neurone firing through electrical field coupling and its dynamics has many of the characteristics expected for a correlate consciousness. I show that synchronous firing of neurones ‘phase-locks´ em field effects and thereby increases the level of electrical coupling between the brain´s em field and neurones, providing an explanation for the observed correlation between awareness and synchronous firing (Singer, 1999). This detailed argument supports my earlier proposal ((McFadden, 2000) that the brain´s electromagnetic field is the seat of consciousness.
Source: EVIDENCE FOR AN ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELD THEORY OF CONSCIOUSNESS

Only in our brain the electromagnetic activity reaches the most complexes patterns. The entire body works electrochemical too. Biological cells send also single photons for communication (Biophotons). But only the brain creates very complex electromagnetic patterns. Even during sleep the brain is very active.

Maybe during sleep the brain shares more thoughts with the collective consciousness as most of us could imagine
Like your PC that updates his operating system through the internet, maybe also our brain acts like a interface that communicates with the collective during sleep, sharing information coded in symbols that we have in common as humans. These symbols was called by Carl Gustav Jung archetypes.

Archetypes represent a common language, symbols that everyone understand, that all humans have in common.

Most archetypes are animals, insects, reptiles. In some cultures symbols of different animals are used to describe the main character or constitution of a person. Other cultures uses animals to describe time qualities. Some other cultures has used animals as symbols to describe the character of governments, like the Israelites describes the future governments in their prophecies in the Bible.

We make also use of archetypes when we think, when we describe something. The words we use exists in a common pool. Language is a common thing, therefore a language has its own field.
When we think, our thoughts are coded by a common field and linked to our own unspeakable name (the DNA). But our thoughts still remain entangled to the common field of the language.

See also:
Morphic Fields are like Electromagnetic Fields
Morphic Fields and Morphic Resonance