Perhaps the greatest mystery of human experience is consciousness itself. Today, the fields of neuroscience and neurotechnology provide astounding insights into the electrical and chemical processes of the brain. Consequently, institutional science proposes with confidence that the brain alone creates conscious experience. Yet despite all that science has learned, the very source and essence of consciousness remains a puzzle. Thunderbolts colleague Dr. Michael Clarage shares with us his thoughts on the enduring mysteries of consciousness.
– The physical world emerges from some type of pre-physical field
– Bach flower remedies for the scientist
– Is Consciousness More than the Brain?
– From a materialistic point of view
– Morphic Fields and the Critical Mass
The arrow paradox
It begins with contemplating about a paradoxon which is called “arrow paradox“.
In the arrow paradox, Zeno (old ancient Greek man who got a lot of time to think about this and that) states that for motion to occur, an object must change the position which it occupies. He gives an example of an arrow in flight. He states that in any one (duration-less) instant of time, the arrow is neither moving to where it is, nor to where it is not. It cannot move to where it is not, because no time elapses for it to move there; it cannot move to where it is, because it is already there. In other words, at every instant of time there is no motion occurring. If everything is motionless at every instant, and time is entirely composed of instants, then motion is impossible.
Quantum jumps and moments in time
We know that the smallest particles are behaving like a cloud of probability. At the moment of observation this cloud of probability collapses for a short time to a particle. Well, it does not really collapse to a particle, but we receive the information of it’s location, which we perceive as a location. This is the trick our mind plays with us. Matter is not really solid, but the information of it’s velocity (time), direction (vector) or it’s location (space) is stable, especially for macroscopic objects. Motion is not really fluid, but a series of considerations, moments of observation.
It’s like the information of the state of a particle unfolds during the observation and we become aware of it. Observing a particle for a extended period of time in a focused manner, will freeze it’s state and it’s evolution through time. This phenomenon has real life applications in quantum freezer, but in ancient times the vicinity of angels prevented the “wearing out of garments and sandals for 40 years in the desert“.
Consciousness is the pre-physical field
The general assumption is that our brain generates by random electro-chemical processes a state which is regarded as consciousness. This materialistic axiom leads to affirmations of the believe that no free will exist, that it is only a illusion, and therefore responsibility is refused for their actions. This paradigma makes part of the deterministic world views. Particles has a own existence, independent of an intelligent creator, isolated from consciousness.
A new paradigm emerge which understands consciousness as a pre-physical field, which generates space and time for communication purposes, uses mathematics as universal language, reflecting it’s own self-similar character on everything which later forms a physical representation. This physical representations are part of our own nature. The chemical elements seems to reflect psychological states, as known in homeopathy (see Jan Scholten’s theory on Elements). Their order, mass, properties and so on, has not only a justifications and benefits in the physical world, but their invisible part known as morphic fields interacts with our mind. It’s like the entire universe is inside us … but this is a metaphor. Sure we are part of a greater immaterial organism and each one of us is interconnected on a immaterial and nonlocal basis.
Paradoxes and phenomenas reveals the real nature of the universe
I cannot stress enough how important it is to harmonize your scientific world view with your spiritual one. It’s requires not only a rethinking of how our universe works, but also a unlearning of tenacious ideas of materialistic origin. When one then is confronted with apparently paradoxes, the understanding reaches a big impediment, and usually most people runs towards the so called “experts” and ask them for help. The only answer they get is one based on materialistic assumptions.
But the nonlocality phenomenon in quantum physics, the entanglement phenomenon (one and the same as the nonlocality phenomenon), the quantum zeno paradox, and so on, they should lead one towards a consciousness based world view, where unity is the real healthy state and not isolation, and where a thought or a intent has a impact on the physical level of our reality. Instead so many paradoxes and phenomenas are considered taboos in mainstream science.
Good news, the “underground” science community has already adopted the new paradigm and it makes great progress, notwithstanding the lack of funds for research. The paradigm shift will not occur by any change through the company sustained researches, which have a good financial reasons to protect the old world view.
DNA as a interface and structure analogy
Our DNA is a key towards the invisible realm of memory. It reflects self-similarity, a property of consciousness. Russians scientists observed that DNA is able to imprint it’s signature in space and that this signature shifts in frequency with time, going towards higher frequencies. They discovered this by placing a DNA sample in a small chamber for measurements with a laser. The laser stimulates the DNA and it vibrates in a certain frequency with overtones, which is the signature of the DNA, the “private key“, also known by other scientists like Benveniste or Montagnier in the west. After removing the DNA from the chamber, the space continued to vibrate in the same frequency as the DNA. The frequency shift with time to higher frequencies, and eventually it could not be measured anymore because of the technological limits.
Montagnier, based on the works of Benveniste, proved that the EM signature of the DNA is able to imprint itself in water. The anomalous water properties enables it to carry the signal with it, as known in homeopathy as the carrier substance per excellence. By putting a drop of the water in a DNA polymerase solution and starting a polymerase chain reaction, a copy of the original DNA is reconstructed. It’s like the EM signatures is able to get a link towards the morphic field of the DNA and then it is recrystallized to a physical representation. Indeed this is a good scientific proof for the ability of the “field” to remember everything and it’s the base of understanding how a resurrection could be possible (in scientific terms).
If you have ever played with the idea to buy a quantum computer, don’t do it! First, it costs 15 million dollar and you need some extra money for the installation, maintenance and operation costs. Second, you get only one quantum computing unit for 15 million dollar. Third, the interface towards the QCU is too slow in order to reach a real advance for playing games … what else would you do with a quantum computer?
But inside yourself you have already QCUs on mass. In each cell your DNA is a fully operational quantum computer, able to perform additions, subtractions, divisions, multiplications and more. Just calculate the costs of yourself … no money of the world could be enough to pay for this super quantum computer. We are perfect. No comparisons to man made machines.
On the quantum state, even with the higher body temperature, our DNA is the interface between our consciousness. We memorize thoughts not inside the limited hardware of our brain, but thanks to this “alien technology” our brain transforms our thoughts into morphic fields and imprint them into the space fabric. We have a limitless memory capacity. You can make the maths for yourself. How much memory does it require to save one day of visual data reaching our eyes? This is a homework. Just a hint, we perceive a higher resolution than only 12k!
– Quantum Zeno Effect and the Burning Bush
– Consciousness transfers order into chaos
– DNA stores most of the information needed to build your entire body
– Quantum Entanglement between Words in our Mind
– Global Synchronization for the Brain
The Bible says that God created “man in his image” and everything what he created was very good (perfect). All creation has God’s fingerprint and is self-similar, fractal in it’s nature.
I will try to explain with this post that everything in the universe is self-similar, from macro-cosmos to micro-cosmos, … even the mind, the spirit and consciousness is self-similar. Indeed the nature has fractal patterns because the very foundation of space-time is consciousness.
Beginning with the most bizarre numeric sequence, the Fibonacci number, this post will elaborate the self-similarity of this very special mathematical sequence.
What has a paradox of an old Greek to do with the burning bush that Moses saw in the desert?
First let’s see in what this Zeno paradox consist of. There are two versions of the Zeno’s paradox, the “Achilles and the tortoise” and the “The dichotomy paradox”. Both describes that “all is one” and that, contrary to the evidence of our senses, the belief in plurality and change is mistaken, and in particular that motion is nothing but an illusion. Then we will consider the “Quantum Zeno Effect” and why quantum effects does not occur on macroscopic levels. But the implication of all this insight might be very mysterious for some people.
Achilles and the tortoise
A fractal used to explain the paradoxes of Zeno of Elea — a movement can become impossible if its distance is recurrently divided into smaller pieces. The girl is assumed to walk three times as fast as the turtle, but whenever she turns a corner the turtle will, too. Even though she is faster, she will not see the turtle within a finite number of turns.
In the paradox of Achilles and the Tortoise, Achilles is in a footrace with the tortoise. Achilles allows the tortoise a head start of 100 metres. If we suppose that each racer starts running at some constant speed (one very fast and one very slow), then after some finite time, Achilles will have run 100 metres, bringing him to the tortoise’s starting point. During this time, the tortoise has run a much shorter distance, say, 10 metres. It will then take Achilles some further time to run that distance, by which time the tortoise will have advanced farther; and then more time still to reach this third point, while the tortoise moves ahead. Thus, whenever Achilles reaches somewhere the tortoise has been, he still has farther to go. Therefore, because there are an infinite number of points Achilles must reach where the tortoise has already been, he can never overtake the tortoise.
The paradox of Achilles and the Tortoise can be applied also to a Fibonacci Spiral. Perhaps you can now intuitively deduce that this paradox is in some kind related to consciousness (what else).
The dichotomy paradox
Suppose Homer wants to catch a stationary bus. Before he can get there, he must get halfway there. Before he can get halfway there, he must get a quarter of the way there. Before traveling a fourth, he must travel one-eighth; before an eighth, one-sixteenth; and so on.
This description requires one to complete an infinite number of tasks, which Zeno maintains is an impossibility.
That which is in locomotion must arrive at the half-way stage before it arrives at the goal.
This sequence also presents a second problem in that it contains no first distance to run, for any possible (finite) first distance could be divided in half, and hence would not be first after all. Hence, the trip cannot even begin. The paradoxical conclusion then would be that travel over any finite distance can neither be completed nor begun, and so all motion must be an illusion.
This argument is called the Dichotomy because it involves repeatedly splitting a distance into two parts. It contains some of the same elements as the Achilles and the Tortoise paradox, but with a more apparent conclusion of motionlessness. It is also known as the Race Course paradox. Some, like Aristotle, regard the Dichotomy as really just another version of Achilles and the Tortoise.
There exist also a third paradox, called the “The arrow paradox” making any motion impossible. But I will not mention it here, because I am sure that after you has understood it you will bang your head several times on the desk!
Quantum Zeno Effect
The quantum Zeno effect is a name coined by George Sudarshan and Baidyanath Misra of the University of Texas in 1977 in their analysis of the situation in which an unstable particle, if observed continuously, will never decay. One can nearly ”freeze” the evolution of the system by measuring it frequently enough in its (known) initial state. The meaning of the term has since expanded, leading to a more technical definition in which time evolution can be suppressed not only by measurement: The quantum Zeno effect is the suppression of unitary time evolution caused by quantum decoherence in quantum systems provided by a variety of sources: measurement, interactions with the environment, stochastic fields, and so on. As an outgrowth of study of the quantum Zeno effect, it has become clear that application to a system of sufficiently strong and fast pulses with appropriate symmetry also can decouple the system from its decohering environment.
… an unstable particle, if observed continuously, will never decay …
The name comes from Zeno’s arrow paradox which states that, since an arrow in flight is not seen to move during any single instant, it cannot possibly be moving at all.
An earlier theoretical exploration of this effect of measurement was published in 1974 by Degasperis and Alan Turing described it in 1954:
It is easy to show using standard theory that if a system starts in an eigenstate of some observable, and measurements are made of that observable N times a second, then, even if the state is not a stationary one, the probability that the system will be in the same state after, say, one second, tends to one as N tends to infinity; that is, that continual observations will prevent motion …
– Alan Turing as quoted by A. Hodges in Alan Turing: Life and Legacy of a Great Thinker p. 54
Continual Observations will prevent Motion
According to the reduction postulate, each measurement causes the wavefunction to “collapse” to a pure eigenstate of the measurement basis. In the context of this effect, an “observation” can simply be the absorption of a particle, without an observer in any conventional sense. However, there is controversy over the interpretation of the effect, sometimes referred to as the “measurement problem” in traversing the interface between microscopic and macroscopic.
We can continuously observe any quantum state. If we continuously observe a decaying atom, it never decays; if we continuously check whether a particle has crossed a barrier, it never crosses. We can make a free particle scatter off a force-free region just by constantly checking whether the particle has entered the region. Indeed, we can induce any evolution we want in a quantum system.
Quantum paradoxes, Yakir Aharonov, Daniel Rohrlich
Humans has a limited ability to observe
Now the point is that humans has only a limited ability to observe. We cannot observe infinite numbers of states, therefore movement occur. It is like between the frames of a movie, there is blackness between them or a kind of uncertainty. The quantum states exists as probability states, also their location and their spin. This is the reason why quantum effects does not occur on macroscopic level, because human consciousness is not a continuous field. We cannot observes all states between the frames. We perceive only “24 frames per second”, but it looks like it is a fluid movement. The states between the single frames are interpolated by our mind.
I bet if you add to this insight also the theory of biocentrism, than you will bang your head on the desk. If you has not done yet, do it now!
What is the void between the frames?
Between the “frames” of this movie the whole “plot” is reevaluated by the collective consciousness. A quantum state is not only of interest of one human, but it involves humanity, all life-forms. In a laboratory a measurement of a single small quantum state is of no or little importance for the rest of humanity. On the other hand is the quantum state of a building on macroscopic level of high importance for all life in it and around the building. If quantum effects would reach the macroscopic level by humans observation, then this world would probably stop to exist, or we would live in a dream like world, where mountains are moved by the mind of a children. One thing is sure, that the fact that we cannot reach macroscopic levels with our limited consciousness is a “build in security system” in our Biocentric Universe.
Collapse of the Wave Function – No Quantum System is truly isolated
“The theory of decoherence reconciles the Copenhagen interpretation with quantum superpositions in the absence of measurement or conscious observation. Any interaction, or loss of isolation, of a quantum superposition with a classical system (e.g. through heat, direct interaction or information exchange) would “decohere” the quantum system to classical states. But decoherence theory doesn’t define isolation (no quantum system is truly isolated from its classical surroundings) nor deal with superpositions which are isolated.”
Source: quantumconsciousness.org – Stuart Hameroff, M.D.
The Burning Thornbush that was not consumed by the Fire
The burning bush is an object described by the Book of Exodus as being located on Mount Horeb; according to the narrative, the bush was on fire, but was not consumed by the flames. (Exodus 3:1-5)
Some scholars of the scriptures thinks the burning bush is a mistaken interpretation, a “copyist’s error” or even that Moses was under the influence of a hallucinogenic substance when he witnessed the burning bush.
As he kept looking, why, here the thornbush was burning with the fire and yet the thornbush was not consumed.
The disbelieve of this scholars is comprehensible considering that they has little or no knowledge in modern science. But that the burning bush was not consumed under the fire is a clear evidence that there was a higher spiritual being with a “continuous field of consciousness” present.
Scientific Evidence for the Presence of a Higher Being
As I wrote before, quantum effects cannot reach the macroscopic level by humans observation, because our consciousness field is not continuous. But most people believes in Angels and the Bible mentions these creatures in many scriptures. And they seems to have a power that goes beyond the natural physical laws. If we consider that this creature are not made of flesh, but are spirits, pure consciousness, then we can deduce what powerful Quantum Zeno Effect’s they can achieve through their crystal clear ability to observe all atoms in a vast region, reaching even macroscopic levels with easiness.
Wonders are not contradictory to Physical Laws
A Angel observing the air around a thornbush would apply the Quantum Zeno Effect on a macroscopic level. The result would be that the air molecules would be arrested on their current position. This would create a very cold electroconductive plasma that emanates light, but it would not burn the bush, because this kind of “fire” is not a oxidative process, rather a electrical process (Electromagnetism is related to consciousness). Such a electric plasma would look like fire, but it would not consume the wood of the bush. A similar kind of fire is known in the field of Free Energy Research. The water that is contained in a Joe Cell (Cosmic Energy Cell) is altered by the self-similar construction and the electric current applied. This kind of water has a different “configuration” and it burns cold, without consuming oxygen. The experimenter can hold his hand in the flame without any harm.
Quantum Zeno Effect and the Entropy
Higher consciousness slows down the decay of matter and materials, the increasing of disorder and the loss of information. During the forty years in the wilderness the garments of the folk of God did not wear out.
While I kept guiding YOU forty years in the wilderness, YOUR garments did not wear out upon YOU, and your sandal did not wear out upon your foot.
So you can see that the presence of an Angel has also similar effects on material like the garments. How many times has you bought new shoes because your old ones worn out? If we all together, with our individual consciousness, would form a stable collective consciousness, then the entropic force would diminish and maybe also our health would benefit. Is it not so that the Bible repeatedly talks about Eternal Life on earth during the Kingdom of God? Science proofs that such a thing is not pure fantasy. The evidence is there, in Quantum Mechanics, in the Holographic Universe Theory and in the fascinating Electric Universe Theory. With this key of knowledge, I consider it as such, try to read the Bible again and this time be aware how often the Quantum Zeno Effect on a macroscopic level proofs the presence of Angels. It will shake perhaps your world view, but let it happen. Better you prepare yourself now in advance, before the collective consciousness will be established and the presence of higher beings will shake this world till to the very fundament.
– Zeno’s paradoxes – Wikipedia
– Quantum Zeno effect – Wikipedia
– Could Life And Consciousness Be Related To The Fundamental Quantum Nature Of The Universe? – Stuart Hameroff, M.D.
– Spiritual Science – Establishing a Collective Consciousness
In this video, British biologist Dr. Rupert Sheldrake, one of the world’s most innovative scientists, describes how science is being constricted by unexamined assumptions that have hardened into dogmas. These dogmas not only put arbitrary limits on the depth and scope of science, but may well be dangerous for the future of humanity.
According to these dogmas, all of reality is material or physical; the world is an inanimate machine; nature is purposeless; free will is an illusion; notions of higher orders of consciousness and absolute (“God”) awareness exist only as ideas in human minds, which are themselves nothing but electrochemical processes imprisoned within our skulls.
So Dr. Sheldrake asks: should science be an ideology or belief system, or should it reclaim its birthright as an unbiased, open-ended method of inquiry? In his latest book, SCIENCE SET FREE, he argues that the materialist ideology is moribund; under its sway, increasingly expensive research is reaping diminishing returns while societies around the world are paying the price. In the skeptical spirit of true science, SCIENCE SET FREE turns ten fundamental dogmas of materialist science into exciting questions, and shows how all of them open up startling new possibilities for discovery. This book may well challenge your view of what is real and what is possible.
How often has you heard “Clean up your room!” from your parents?
Consciousness is order and it transfers order to lower realms, like a room in which all toys and books and CDs are dispersed in a chaotic manner. It enables in our body a negentropic effect, pushing out entropy.
Our consciousness change the probability of neurons to fire at a certain point in time. By doing this it does not even break a “natural law“, like the law of energy conservation. It is information which changes. You know, we need in our brain thousands of neurons to fire synchronously in order to move our hand and fingers and to type the text on our keyboard. This does not happen by pure change. But neurons seems to fire out of the blue. Where is the trigger for doing this? It is obvious that external trigger, in the surrounding of a nerve cell, could supply a strong enough signal in order to stimulate that cell to fire. And yes, it happens all the time. This kind of random noise exist in our brain. But how small are the change that thousands of neurons fires synchronously repeating patterns? Materialistic science will not deliver you a satisfactory answer, because they regard the mind as just chemical byproduct of the brain chemistry.
If our consciousness is nonlocal, on the time line, then it will alter probabilities only where similar structures in space exist.
Mind / Brain interface
You know cymatics, the study of visible sound co vibration?
Similar to cymatics our DNA is a kind of visible key, like the SSL key used by a computer to transfer data in secure manner. Our consciousness tunes into our brain, because it’s structure represents a analogy of our mind. It’s not our brain that produce consciousness, but it’s the mind. Like a standing wave it forms a structure in space, a morphic field which “informs“.
From this point of view our mind has real power over matter. It can alter chaotic states in our brain and force them to take over ordered patterns.
There comes another question in our mind. If my mind is nonlocal, how is it that my mind does not influence the brains of other people?
Well, … it does, just a little bit, …
How strong the influence is, depends on the similarity. Twins will share more similarities than other people. Parents, especially mothers, feels if something happen to their children, even if they are miles away. This nonlocality phenomenon is very common. Most people who experience this kind of ESP don’t bother about the science. They just “know“.
People who are in love with each other will also experience strong ESP. They share “similar thought patterns“, or even better, they share “similar emotions“, which enables a better nonlocal connection.
Even if some information “leaks through“, most informations are filtered. The “security mechanism” behind this consists in great part in our DNA. It’s unique structure is a key between our mind and our brain. So it may be that 0,001% of our thoughts leaks into the collective field of consciousness, but the bigger part is private.
How to transfer order into electronics?
By observing nature we can copy it. Our neuron cells contains microtubules, which are in a very chaotic state. Indeed inside the microtubules dominates a quantum state. Our mind is able to alter the outcome of the “dice thrown” inside this structure. Interesting fact is, that the DNA is not around the microtubules, so the structure of the microtubules does not represent a similarity to our individual consciousness. Although the DNA is only in vicinity, it seems to enable the mind / brain interface to work.
Well, one thing which is commonly overseen is the role of water in cells. They form super-clusters under the influence of electromagnetic radiation. Our DNA in our cells influences the water and the water influences the microtubules. So water forms a bridge between our consciousness and our body.
Now what we need is to put a small system in a chaotic state. This can be achieved with a zener diode in a special circuit.
The output of the zener diode is amplified and the result is a “white noise”.
Scientists at Princeton University analyzed this kind of true random numbers generated by white noise and they discovered that it contains a strong deviation from the so called “standard deviation“. The deviation from standard occurred especially if the “intent” of the observer was to push the outcome to one extreme.
Now here are some key factors:
- similarity (structure)
- intent (information)
- awareness (life force, consciousness)
- chaotic state (quantum state)
Our consciousness has a natural tendency to order chaotic states. It indeed depends on chaotic states, for example quantum states in our neurons, in order to communicate information. We could call the “chaos” on microscopic scale a “listening mode” or a “uncertainty mode“, like a blank canvas waiting for color.
I’m sure that some people will contact me and ask me if this informations could be misused by someone with bad intentions. Well, yes, it is actually misused by a lot of people, including governments agencies and religious organizations like the Vatican. Just look at the architecture of the Vatican and their false religion. It impose on people a certain thought pattern, someone talking from high above to people staying in a round square, with a phallus symbol (the obelisk) and all the big columns. I will write more on the misuse in another post.
– Water and Cell Biology
– Quantum walks in brain microtubules–a biomolecular basis for quantum cognition?
– Quantum Zeno Effect and the Burning Bush
– A consciousness creates a universe
– Heavens were originally closer to the earth
Marcel Joseph Vogel (1917–1991) was a research scientist working at the IBM San Jose Research Center for 27 years. He is sometimes referred to as Dr. Vogel, although this title was based on an honorary degree, not a Ph.D.. Later in his career, he became interested in various theories of quartz crystals and fields of study. The Vogel Crystal type cut was created by him.
It is claimed that Vogel started his research into luminescence while he was still in his teens. This research eventually led him to publish his thesis, Luminescence in Liquids and Solids and Their Practical Application, in collaboration with University of Chicago’s Dr. Peter Pringsheim in 1943.
Two years after the publication, Vogel incorporated his own company, Vogel Luminescence, in San Francisco. For the next decade the firm developed a variety of new products: fluorescent crayons, tags for insecticides, a black light inspection kit to determine the secret trackways of rodents in cellars from their urine and the psychedelic colors popular in “new age” posters. In 1957, Vogel Luminescence was sold to Ultra Violet Products and Vogel joined IBM as a full-time research scientist. He retired from IBM in 1984.
He received 32 patents for his inventions up through his tenure at IBM. Among these was the magnetic coating for the 24” hard disk drive systems still in use. His areas of expertise, besides luminescence, were phosphor technology, magnetics and liquid crystal systems.
At Vogel’s February 14, 1991 funeral, IBM researcher and Sacramento, California physician Bernard McGinity, M.D. said of him, “He made his mark because of the brilliance of his mind, his prolific ideas, and his seemingly limitless creativity.”
He also designed the Vogel Crystal Cut, which allegedly focuses “universal life force” by concentrating it and transforming it to a higher level or vibration. Vogel crystals are said to be cut to the extremely precise angle of 51 degrees 51 minutes and 51 seconds, which is also claimed as the precise angle of the sides of the Great Pyramid of Giza.
Love is the glue that integrates the universe, and all healing is just a result of a projection of love.
Communication between plants
Vogel claimed to be able to duplicate the “Backster effect” using plants as transducers for bio-energetic fields from the human mind, showing that they respond to human thought. He claimed his findings had the same effect irrespective of distance and suggested that “inverse square law does not apply to thought“. Vogel was a proponent of research into plant consciousness. He spurred fellow researcher Randall Fontes into furthering this work. Vogel was featured in the first episode of In Search Of… hosted by Leonard Nimoy, called “Other Voices“. He gave his theories regarding the possibility of communication between plants.
The science of the invisible realm of spirit, from which matter derives, space and time, is called metaphysics.
How would it be like if a mind of a spiritual person creates another person? Would the new person be disconnected from the original consciousness, or would it be a part of the whole?
The video tries to explain a simple principle.
– Consciousness is order and the source of energy
– Fibonacci numbers define key points in human aging
– Number 144 versus 666
– Avoiding the Infinite
– The Biggest Error Ever Made in the Name of Science